25. Dhul Qadah 1438  Jumu'ah
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 AL-HABIB ABDULLAH BIN HASSAN ALSHATRIE

NOBLE DESENDANT OF RASULLULAH صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم
 
He is Al-Habib Abdulllah bin Hassan bin Hussin bin Abdullah Al Shatrie whose lineage connects directly to the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم. He was born in the town of Dam’mun, Hadramaut, in the month of Jumadil Akhir 1328 H (1910). His mother is Alwiyah binti Al Habib Hassan bin Ahmad bin Hussin bin Abdullah Al Idrus.
 
Habib Abdullah was affectionately nurtured at home and he attended the Maktab Ta’alim Al Quran at the tender age of four and before reaching the age of six year old, he had already finished reciting the whole of Al-Quran. He continued his study at Madrasatul-Haq in Terim and continued the halaqah study circles at Rebat Terim, at Qubah Abdullah bin Sheikh Al Idrus and at Zawiyah Al Sheikh Ali. He also attended diligently the religious majalis roha of Al Habib Abdullah bin Umar Alshatrie, Al Habib Abdullah Idrus Al Idrus and Al- Habib Ali bin Abdul Rahman Al Mashor. In addition he also learned in the house of Al Habib Alwi bin Abdullah bin Shahab.  In brief, he was constantly learning under the best of ulama’ in Terim.  
 
HIS TEACHERS AT HADRAMAUT:
 
Habib Abdullah bin Umar al-Syatrie
Habib Alwi bin Abdullah bin Shahab
Habib Ali bin Husin bin Shahab
Habib Abdullah bin Idrus al-Idrus
Habib Abdul Bari bin Syeikh al-Idrus
Habib Abu Bakar Asree
Habib Muhammad bin Hashim Bin Tahir
Syeikh Abdullah bin Said Hassan
Syeikh Salam bin Said Bakir
Syeikh Umar al-Dawilah
 
At the age of 22, in the year 1359 H (1932), he went to Mekkah to perform his pilgrimage and Umrah and stayed there for three years He was under the best tutelage of the immediate scholars,
 
AMONG HIS TEACHERS AT MECCA:
 
Habib Idrus bin Salim Albar
Habib Abu Bakar bin Salim Albar
Habib Abu Bakar bin Ahmad Alhabsyi
Habib Alwi bin Abbas Al Maliki
Habib Muhammad Amin Al Kutbi
Syeikh Umar Bejenaid
Syeikh Umar Hamdan
Syeikh Khalifah Al Bahani
 
In order to support his basic sustenance, he did light trading in the morning
 
In the year 1355 H (1936 M), and on the advice of his father, he migrated to Malaya  where he continued studying under the tutelage of Habib Alwi bin Tahir al-Haddad, the Mufti of Johore and also with Habib Muhammad bin Hasan Bin Shahab. Subsequently he moved and resided in Singapura and Brunei.
 
Habib Abdullah spent his entire life in education and research. For 26 years he worked at several Islamic schools, among them Madrasah Al Attas at Johore, Madrasah  Al-Saggoff Al-Arabiah and Madrasah Al-Khairiah Al-Islamiah in Singapore. He was also one of the five founders of Al-Wehdah Al-Arabiah Association in Singapore.
 
After many years in Singapore, in 1967 CE (1387 AH) he was asked to teach at Madrasah Hasan Al-Bolkiah Arabiah in Brunei. Subsequently, he was made researcher and translator for Arabic at Brunei History Centre. He retired in 1989 (1410 AH) after 22 years of service and was awarded ‘Pingat Kebesaran Negara Brunei Darussalam’ before he returned back to Singapore. Even on this occasion, he exemplified the Shari’ah decree by accepting the gold medal only in his hand rather than allowing the traditional pinning and wearing it on the dress which is forbidden in Islam.
 
Many distinguished persons had benefitted from Al Habib’s knowledge, among them -:
 
Dato’ Ahmad Awang (Ex-Mufti of Johor)
Dato’ Ahmad Alwi Adnan (Mufti of Sabah)
Syed Isa Bensemait (Mufti of Singapore)
Pehin Dato’ Muhammad Zain (Religious Minister of Brunei)
Pehin Dato’ Yahya Ibrahim (Vice Religious Minister of Brunei)
Ustaz Abu Bakar Hashim (President of Syariah Court, Singapore)
Awangpun Awangsibun (Chief Syariah Judge, Sarawak)
Dato’ Anis Abut (Head, Islamic Religious Council of Sarawak)
Ustaz Abdillah Aljufri
Ustaz Ahmad Sonhadji Muhammad
Dr Burhanuddin Helmi
Tan Sri Syed Jaafar Albar
Usman Said (ex Chief Minister of Johor)
 
His past time would be spent on reading books, writing and private teaching. Among his books were-:
 
i.  Ringkasan sejarah Islam
ii. Huraian Pada Masalah Perselisihan Empat Mazhab
iii. Risalah Addin Nasihah
iv. Kisah Al Isra’ dan Al Mi’raj
v. Rahsia-rahsia Ratib Al Haddada
vi. Hukum Haidh dan Istihadhah
vii.Ad Durus Fardiah fil Mirats
viii.Manzumah Tashil Ifadah bima lil Ibadah
ix. Jadual fi I’rab "la" annafiah almukarrarah
x. Al Irshad Fi Asrar Wa Fawaid Ratib
 
Habib Abdullah led a modest life and disliked promoting himself. His breakfast would only consisted of merely 7 pieces of Ajwa date and zamzam water, while his dinner would be just two or three slices of bread with gravy mixed with red carrot.
 
Even when he was small, he joined his father in performing the ‘ibadah’ together. Remembrance of Allah became a second nature to him with his quite noticeable zikir from his moving lips. He started his vigil prayer and other act of supplications at three 3 am, performing nawafil prayers, followed by reciting the al-Quran and special munajat prayer for 20 minutes before Fajr. After performing his qabliah and Subuh prayer, he would continue with his wirid until sunrise. He would then take a short nap before performing his Dhuha prayer. This routine in ibadah is meticulously done even when he was in the ward in hospital.
 
Even though he worked for more than half a century especially for the oil rich Brunei government, Habib Abdullah did not amass wealth. To the surprise of the close family members, he had only twenty one Singapore dollars and ten cents to his credit in his bank account. Whatever he earned was secretly given as scholarships to students to pursue further study especially in Egypt. It came to light when one of the lecturers in the local university spilled the beans despite his promise to keep it as a close guarded secret; Habib was upset and quoted that whatever is given by the right hand, the other one should not know about it. Of course all the publications on all his books and related materials were distributed free, serving as an example not to capitalise on religious knowledge.
 
Habib Abdullah passed away on Tuesday, 2 November 1999, corresponding to 23 Rejab 1420 in Singapore. Thousands of people prayed for him, including those in Malaysia, Brunei, Palembang, Southern Philippines and Jeddah.
 
اللهم انشرنفحات الرضوان عليه وإمدنا بالأسرار التي أودعتهالديه
. اللهم صل وسلم على جده النبي الأمين سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين
الفاتحة إلى حضرة النبي محمد صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم وإلى روح الحبيب عبدالله بن حسن بن حسين الشاطري وأصوله وفروعه وتلامذته والمنتسبين إليه أجمعين، أن الله يعلي درجاتهم في الجنة ويكثر من مثوباتهم ويضاعف حسناتهم ويحفظنا بجاههم وينفعنابهم ويعيد علينا من بركاتهم وأسرارهم وأنوارهم وعلومهم ونفحاتهم
 في الدين والدنيا والآخرة - الفاتحة
 ·
EXTRACT FROM HIS BOOK ‘RISALAH A’DIN NASIHAT’
 
Grievous and minor sins that could entrap one towards the path leading to abysmal hell
 
Among the Grievous Sins -:
 
1    Disbelieve on the tenets of Iman and do not practice the tenets of Islam
2    Killing without the legitimate injunction of Shari’ah
3    Fornication or Sodomy
4    Stealing or confiscate of other people belongings
5    Accusation on adultery not in accordance to Shari’ah’s jurusdiction.
6    Eating or drinking or sniffing on stuff which causes intoxication
7    Gambling
8    Operating and Lending on the basis of Riba’ (interest)
9    Acting as a False Witness
10   Spreading fictitious news
11   Attesting on false oath
12   Abstain from carrying out obligatory prayers or purposely delaying them from their appointed times
      without Shari’ah’s decree.
13   Refuse to bestow Zakat (tithe)
14   Abstain from fasting during the month of Ramadhan without Shari’ah’s decree.
15   Refrain from performing the obligatory Haj pilgrimage even though already within the means
16   Spreading scandals and rumor mongering among the society
17   Slandering a decent person
18   Becoming spiteful or mean and envious
19   Becoming an arrogant person
20   Being proud on doing of forbidden deeds
21   Deriding and ridiculing someone so as to degrade him
22   Drawing natural portraits of person or animal (in total form)
23   Changing the natural facial countenance by profiling the teeth and shaving the eye-brows
24   Tattooing
25   Wearing wig from other people’s hair
26   Refrain from spreading Islamic missionary work and not to inhibit wrong doings (committing sins)
27   Giving legal ruling (fatwa) without knowledge expertise
28   Forgetting memorised Quranic verses
29   Assaulting or cursing a Muslim not in accordance Shari’ah
30   Fleeing from the battle field of Jihad
31   Snooping (by seeing or hearing) on other peoples’ secrets
32   Sexual intercourse with menstruating wife
33   A wife’s refusal to have sexual intercourse with the husband not on basis as allowed by Shari’ah
34   Disobedient and recalcitrant towards one or both the parents
35   Severing relationship with the family ties without basis as allowed by Shari’ah
36   Embezzlement of orphans’ properties
37   To under weigh or shorten measurement on saleable items
38   Decline to become a witness to bring to justice
39   Decline to accept Shari’ah’s appointment when he is the most eligible candidate
40   Practicing sorceries’ witchcraft
41   Burning of animals not in accordance with the Shari’ah
42   Giving or receiving bribes or act as an intermediary on its procurement
43   Wailing or beating and bashing oneself or tearing of clothes in grief over death
44   Despotic treatment on an innocent person (without sin)
45   Assist and collaborate with a tyrant in his despotism 
 
Of Minor Sins
 
1  Looking at a woman of marriageable status with lust (not those forbidden to contract marriage, wife or slave) or captivatingly listening to her voice or purposely touching her body or being together in seclusion –( outside the scope of permissible Shari’ah)
2    Looking at the forbidden parts of other people’s body which should not be exposed
3    Exposing one’s own private part of the body without reason not in accordance as allowed by Shari’ah
4    Ejaculating sperms not in accordance to Shari’ah (masturbation)
5    Maintain a close rapport with immoral person
6    To laugh off at other people’s mistake
7    To enact buffoonery with the others
8    Stride over the shoulder of someone who is praying
9.   Pass over in front of someone who is praying
10   Continuously fasting the non obligatory although commendable fast without intermittent break
11   Dyeing the hair black
12   Breeding dogs without reason
13 A woman travelling alone without the companionship of husband or with those forbidden to contract marriage (mahram)or in women’s group
14   Selling or buying commodities at under cut prices to ruin other people businesses
15   Intercept buying of commodities before they reach the market and knowing the current price
16   Competitive bidding on auction
17   Hide the defective quality of goods for sale
18   Man wearing of gold or silk (made from silkworm) without Shari’ah’s approval
19   Man who decorates henna on the body
20   Men impersonating the manner of women and vice versa, women impersonating the manner of men